Threats to the ecosystem are: habitat fragmentation from roads, which remains very limited compared to other forests of South America; immediate and deferred impacts of EDF's Petit-Saut Dam; gold mining; poor control of hunting and poaching, facilitated by the creation of many tracks; and the introduction of all-terrain vehicles. Sugar and bananas were traditionally two of the main cash crops grown for export but have almost completely disappeared. Kolumbien | Ecuador | Bourgogne-Franche-Comté | Geography: Location: Northern South America, bordering the North Atlantic Ocean, … Following a treaty between France and Brazil signed in July 2005, the Oyapock River Bridge over the Oyapock River was built and completed in 2011, becoming the first land crossing ever between French Guiana and the rest of the world (there exists no other bridge crossing the Oyapock River, and no bridge crossing the Maroni River marking the border with Suriname, although there is a ferry crossing to Albina, Suriname). Brazilians groups identical to those one meets in the Rio carnival, are also appreciated for their rhythms and their alluring costumes. Guyana | Logging remains moderate due to the lack of roads, difficult climate, and difficult terrain. French Guiana lies between latitudes 3° and 6° N, and longitudes 51° and 55° W. It consists of two main geographical regions: a coastal strip where the majority of the people live, and dense, near-inaccessible rainforest which gradually rises to the modest peaks of the Tumuc-Humac mountains along the Brazilian frontier. Its president is Rodolphe Alexandre. La Guyana francese rappresenta un mosaico culturale fra i coloni francesi, le comunità amerindie e di cimarroni ed il bagaglio di culture e tradizioni In Guyana francese è molto popolare l'aléké, simile a salsa e merengue; l'aléké è di origine cimarrona, come anche altri generi minori (awasa, songhé) Composé de Guyana et de francese. 74 Haute-Savoie | The President of France appoints a prefect (resident at the prefecture building in Cayenne) as his representative to head the local government of French Guiana. Knapp die Hälfte davon gehört zum Parc Amazonien de Guyane, dem größten Nationalpark Frankreichs. 82 Tarn-et-Garonne | Cayenne è la capitale della Guyana Francese. It abandoned its colony status and once again became a French department in 1946. Martinique | du Général de Gaulle, der Haupteinkaufsstraße, reihen sich Restaurants, Klamotten- und Technikläden, wie wir sie aus Europa kennen. Traduzioni in contesto per "guyana francese" in italiano-inglese da Reverso Context: La specie è stata rinvenuta nella Guyana francese. Groups disguised according to the theme of the year, parade around decorated floats, to the rhythm of percussion and brass. Guiana was developed as a slave society, where planters imported Africans as enslaved labourers on large sugar and other plantations in such number as to increase the population. Basse-Normandie | 971 Guadeloupe | Research is being actively pursued in multiple fields to determine how these enriched soils were historically created, and how this can be done in modern times. 32 Gers | In most parts of French Guiana, rainfall is always heavy especially from December to July – typically over 330 millimetres or 13 inches can be expected each month during this period throughout the department. The sentences of the convicts were often long, and the prospect of employment very weak, so the convicts caught butterflies to sell in the international market, both for scientific purposes as well as general collecting. Sie deckt dabei 5 Studienbereiche ab, nämlich Kunst, Literatur und Sprachen, Gesundheitswissenschaften, Wissenschaft und Technik, sowie Rechts- und Wirtschaftswissenschaften.[11]. People of mixed African and French ancestry are the largest ethnic group, though estimates vary as to the exact percentage, depending upon whether the large Haitian community is included as well. 47 Lot-et-Garonne | Suriname | 07 Ardèche | 30 Gard | This latter constituency is the largest in the French Republic by land area. Wallis und Futuna, Mitgliedstaaten der Vereinten Nationen However, since the Brazilian government is yet to complete its border posts, only passenger vehicles will be allowed through the bridge for the time being. Argentinien | Französisch-Guayana weist das größte zusammenhängende Waldgebiet Frankreichs und der Europäischen Union auf. 90 Territoire de Belfort | 98.9% of the land territory of French Guiana is covered by forests,[3] a large part of which is primeval rainforest. As elsewhere in France, the official language is standard French, but each ethnic community has its own language, of which French Guianese Creole, a French-based creole language, is the most widely spoken. Die Ausbreitung der Atemwegserkrankung COVID-19führt auch in Guyana zu verstärkten Einreisekontrollen, Gesundheitsprüfungen mit Temperaturmesserungen, und Einreisesperren. Its management is provided by the Chamber of Commerce and Industry of French Guyana. [17] March 28, 2017 was the day of the largest demonstration ever held in French Guiana. Foto di Didwin973 La Guyana francese è un dipartimento d'oltremare della Francia, si trova in Sud America tra Suriname e Brasile e si affaccia sull'Oceano Atlantico. In Régina, etwa 70 km südlich von Cayenne, befindet sich die „Dschungelkampfschule“ (Centre d’entraînement à la forêt équatoriale, C. E. F. E.) der Fremdenlegion, in der auch Spezialeinheiten anderer Staaten (z. However, the 1794 decree was only implemented in Saint-Domingue, Guadeloupe and Guyane: it was a dead letter in Senegal, Mauritius and Reunion. The main Amerindian groups (forming about 3–4% of the population) are the Arawak, Carib, Emerillon (now called the Teko), Galibi (now called the Kaliña), Palikur, Wayampi and Wayana. This was operated from 1852 to 1953. 53 Mayenne | Guadeloupe | Zum chinesischen Universismus bekennen sich 3,6 %. The French attempted to create a colony there since the 16th century in conjunction with its settlement of some Caribbean islands, such as Guadeloupe and Saint-Domingue. See authoritative translations of Guyana francesa in English with example sentences and audio pronunciations. Die letztgenannte Gruppe lebt zum großen Teil in Suriname, einige flohen jedoch während des dortigen Bürgerkriegs in den 1980er Jahren vor der herrschenden Militärdiktatur nach Guayana. November 2020 um 21:14 Uhr bearbeitet. Französisch Guyana ist ein vollintegrierter Teil des französischen Staates und somit auch Mitglied in der Europäischen Union. The French Government and its agencies have responsibility for a wide range of issues that are reserved to the national executive power, such as defense and external relations. Il capoluogo della guyana francese; Lo è una lingua che si parla nella guyana francese; La capitale della guyana; Il capoluogo del dipartimento francese dell orne; Il dipartimento francese … Following the Grenelle Environment Round Table of 2007, the Grenelle Law II was proposed in 2009, under law number 2010–788. going on strike and demonstrating for more resources and infrastructure, International Union for Conservation of Nature, European Union territories outside Europe, French National Olympic and Sports Committee, List of colonial and departmental heads of French Guiana, "Estimation de population par région, sexe et grande classe d'âge – Années 1975 à 2020", "Gross domestic product (GDP) at current market prices by NUTS 2 regions", "Parc amazonien de Guyane, le plus vaste Parc national de France et de l'Union européenne",, "Stirling Research Database, Prof Bill Marshall", "Panorama de la population immigrée en Guyane", "Illegal, polluting and dangerous: the gold rush in French Guiana", "The fight against illegal gold mining in French Guiana", "Why one part of South America is facing a total shutdown", "The General Council adopts the Guyanese flag", "French Guiana and Martinique reject increased autonomy", "La Guyane paralysée par les mouvements sociaux", "Guyane : manifestations historiques pour la "journée morte, "Coronavirus : 3 décès en 48h, et 313 nouvelles contaminations indique le Covid info de ce lundi 29 juin", "French Guiana Climate, Average Weather, Temperatures, Rainfall, Sunshine, Humidity, Graphs", "Average Conditions Cayenne, French Guiana", "Portant engagement national pour l'environnement (on national commitment to the environment)", "World Economic Outlook Database, April 2019 – Gross domestic product per capita, current prices, U.S. dollars", "Le poids du spatial diminue, l'économie de la Guyane se diversifie", "T401 : Taux de chômage localisé au deuxième trimestre par département d'outre-mer", "Les comptes économiques de la Guyane en 2017", "Données harmonisées des recensements de la population 1968–2014", "P3D – Indicateurs généraux de la population par département et région – Séries depuis 1990", "Evolution institutionnelle La Collectivité Territoriale de Guyane", French Guiana: Interview with Colonel Francois Müller, Commander of the Gendarmes, "Ponte entre Brasil e União Europeia é aberta no Amapá após 6 anos pronta", "Comité Régional de Cyclisme de la Guyane", Ex-convict aged 104 claims to be Papillon, Silvolab Guyanae – scientific interest group in French Guiana, French Guiana Travel Guide, Good Addresses and Tips, Officials reports, thesis, scientific papers about French Guiana (en|fr), Training legionnaires to fight in French Guiana, The IRD's database AUBLET2 stores information about botanical specimens collected in the Guianas, mainly in French Guiana. Provence-Alpes-Côte d’Azur, Regionen in Übersee (ROM): A chronic issue affecting French Guiana is the influx of illegal immigrants and clandestine gold prospectors from Brazil and Suriname. Con guyana : Capoluogo della Guyana Francese. Tourism, especially eco-tourism, is growing. During the Revolution, the National Convention voted to abolish slavery in February 1794, months after the rebelling slaves had already announced the abolition of slavery in Saint-Domingue. It is an important center of manufacturing and engineering, and has a port on the Rhine River. [citation needed], Following the French withdrawal from Vietnam in the 1950s and subsequent warfare conducted in the region by the United States, France helped resettle several hundred Hmong refugees from Laos to French Guiana during the 1970's and 80's, who were fleeing displacement after the communist takeover of Laos by Pathet Lao in 1975. Article 49 of the law proposed the creation of a single organization responsible for environmental conservation in French Guiana. The flight time from Cayenne to Paris is 8 hours and 10 minutes, and from Paris to Cayenne it is 8 hours and 30 minutes. Poitou-Charentes | It is the ninth largest city in France and is the home of the Council of Europe, the European Parliament, and Eurocorps (the European Union's military forces). Among the military, police and security forces in French Guiana, are the following: The Carnival is one of the major events in French Guiana. latest news INEWS-December 24, 2020. [not verified in body], During operations as a penal colony beginning in the mid-19th century, France transported approximately 56,000 prisoners to Devil's Island. Several small islands are found off the coast, the three Salvation's Islands which include Devil's Island, and the isolated Îles du Connétable bird sanctuary further along the coast towards Brazil. In addition, in the late nineteenth century, France began requiring forced residencies by prisoners who survived their hard labour. Als Reparation des im Orangen-Krieg unterlegenen Portugals wurde die französische Kolonie 1801 im Frieden von Badajoz durch Abtretung eines Gebiets von Portugiesisch-Brasilien an Frankreich vergrößert. Cosa è la capitale dell'Guyana Francese? 70 Haute-Saône | Starting in 1960, the Tour of Guiana, an annual multiple stage bicycle race, is held. The resulting ashes elevate soil pH (i.e., lower soil acidity), and contribute minerals and other nutrients to the soil. 3° REI), ist in Kourou stationiert. Französisch Guyana ist etwa so groß wie Portugal und besteht zu 90 Prozent aus tropischem Regenwald. Article 64 proposes a "departmental plan of mining orientation" for French Guiana, which would promote mining (specifically of gold) that is compatible with requirements for environmental protection. 85 Vendée | Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes | 80 Somme | The Petit-Saut Dam, a hydroelectric dam in the north of French Guiana forms an artificial lake and provides hydroelectricity. Französisch-Guayana ist Teil der Europäischen Union. French Guiana is a remote region of France covered in thick jungle and wilderness, although you'll also find colonial architecture, eerie prison-camp history and some of the world's most diverse plant and animal life here. Roughly 14% of the population is of European ancestry. 23 Creuse | 84 Vaucluse | 75 Paris (ab 1968) | Durch die Nähe zum Äquator und die vorherrschenden Luftströmungen ist anders als in der Karibik das Auftreten tropischer Wirbelstürme praktisch unmöglich. 76 Seine-Maritime | Der Guyana-Dollar wird nach ISO 4217 mit GYD abgekürzt. It borders Brazil to the east and south and Suriname to the west. Siehe auch: Liste der Präsidenten des Regionalrates von Französisch-Guayana seit 1983, Es gibt ca. Traduzioni in contesto per "guyana francese" in italiano-polacco da Reverso Context: relativa all'autorizzazione temporanea di biocidi contenenti malation nel dipartimento della Guyana francese 973 Französisch-Guayana | Zudem ist die Bevölkerung mit durchschnittlich 28,6 Jahren sehr jung. The total fertility rate in French Guiana has remained high and is today considerably higher than that of metropolitan France, as well as most of the other French overseas departments. Die Bevölkerung wächst zudem auch durch Einwanderung. 972 Martinique | The local culinary art originally brought together Guianan Creole, Bushinengue and Native American cuisines. Bedeutende Immigration wird auch aus Südasien verzeichnet. 976 Mayotte, Nach 1962 aufgelöste Départements Sites of Terra preta (anthropogenic soils) have been discovered in French Guiana, particularly near the border with Brazil. This map was created by a user. Darüber hinaus hat das französische Militär gegenüber den in Mafia-artigen Strukturen arbeitenden Schmugglern und Umweltverbrechern kaum rechtliche Handhabe. Garimpeiros returned to retrieve their lost loot and colleagues. [11], In the late 1980s, more than 10,000 Surinamese refugees, mostly Maroons, arrived in French Guiana, fleeing the Surinamese Civil War. Auf der hier abgebildeten Positionskarte ist das im Süden des Landes mit Suriname umstrittene Gebiet Französisch-Guayana zugeschlagen. The dispute was resolved largely in favour of Brazil by the arbitration of the Swiss government.[10]. [32], French Guiana's population of 290,691 (2020 estimate[1]), most of whom live along the coast, is substantially ethnically diverse. Almost all of French Guiana's imports and exports pass through the port of Dégrad des Cannes. 48 Lozère | Situata sulla costa, la città sorge alla foce del fiume Cayenne e si affaccia sull'Oceano Atlantico.Con la sua popolazione di poco più di 40 mila abitanti, è il principale centro politico ed economico del paese, con un attivo porto per il commercio e il turismo. Französische Süd- und Antarktisgebiete | The processing industry in French Guiana depends on those vessels’ landings. French Guiana and the two larger countries to the north and west, Guyana and Suriname, are still often collectively referred to as "the Guianas" and constitute one large landmass known as the Guiana Shield. 35 Ille-et-Vilaine | Nouvelle-Aquitaine | Die Tumuc-Hamac-Berge prägen die Grenze zum Süden. 1 Wird kulturgeographisch meist Nord- und Mittelamerika zugerechnet. 63 Puy-de-Dôme | La Guyana diventò una nazione indipendente il 26 maggio 1966. 18 Cher | Guarda le traduzioni di ‘Guyana francese’ in greco. Brasilien | An overseas region of France, located on the northern coast of South America. Der in vergangenen Jahren steigende Goldpreis verstärkt das Problem weiter. It is located in the commune of Matoury, 13 km (8 mi) southwest of French Guiana's capital city of Cayenne. At the mouth of this river sits the town of Kourou, which is ringed by four hills: Carapa, Pariacabo, Café and Lombard, with the Singes and Condamine mountains not far behind. Der Erfolg des Ariane-Programms und eine geschickte Unternehmensstrategie der Betreibergesellschaft Arianespace trugen erheblich dazu bei. Reconsider travel to Guyana due to COVID-19.Exercise increased caution in Guyana due to crime.. Read the Department of State’s COVID-19 page before you plan any international travel.. popolazioni storiche e previste (entrambi i sessi) per il periodo 1950-2100 (milioni) La popolazione di fatto a partire dal 1 Guyana Francese … Dieses Hochland weist aufgrund seiner klimatischen Isolation vom Regenwald eine endemische Tier- und Pflanzenwelt auf. "The violent reaction by the garimpeiros can be explained by the exceptional take of 617 grams of gold, about 20 percent of the quantity seized in 2009 during the battle against illegal mining", said Phillipe Duporge, the director of French Guiana's border police, at a press conference the next day.[39]. Die Landeshauptst Etimología. Weiter ist das Gebiet in 19 Kantone und 22 Kommunen gegliedert. 50 Manche | Il risultato è un autentico mix di razze, colori, costumi e sapori.Da non perdere il mercato della frutta e verdura (orari: merc-ven-sab 4:00-14:00, mar-giov 6:30-13:30) e quello del pesce (lun-sab. 08 Ardennes | Die wichtigsten Flüsse sind von West nach Ost der Maroni, der die Grenze zu Suriname bildet, der Sinnamary, der Approuague und der Oyapock, zugleich die Grenze zu Brasilien. Das knapp 100.000 Hektar große Sumpfgebiet von Kaw,südöstlich von Cayenne, ist ein Naturreservat und Heimat geschützter Kaiman-Arten und vieler Vögel: Silberreiher, Sokoi-Reiher, Rotstirn-Jassana, Hoatzin u.v.m. Das Gebiet hat Anteil am Guayanischen Bergland, das sich über 1,5 Millionen km² im Nordosten des südamerikanischen Kontinents erstreckt. Die ESA betreibt zusammen mit der französischen Raumfahrtbehörde CNES in Kourou den Weltraumbahnhof Centre Spatial Guyanais. Französisch-Guayana gliedert sich in zwei Arrondissements und 22 Gemeinden. [25], In 2017, the GDP of French Guiana at market exchange rates was US$5.18 billion (€4.59 billion),[2] ranking as the largest economy in the Guianas, and the 11th largest in South America. Population figures are those recorded in the 2017 census. Über das gesamte Jahr hinweg gibt es konstante Temperaturen, die im Mittel um 28 °C liegen. (Its population is less than ​1⁄200 that of Metropolitan France.) The Status and Location of the Military Installations of the Member States of the European Union and Their Potential Role for the European Security and Defence Policy (ESDP). Diese Seite wurde zuletzt am 24. In addition, a number of other local languages exist. International Schools in French Guiana; Related Services Premium. La Air Guyane Express è una compagnia aerea regionale francese della Guyana francese, basata nell'aeroporto internazionale di Rochambeau, nel comune di Matoury, vicino alla capitale … Grand Est | Chile | Landwirtschaft wird nur in Küstennähe betrieben. Built in 1969, it replaced the old harbour of Cayenne which was congested and could not cope with modern traffic. Der Karneval in Guyana unterscheidet sich von anderen allein schon durch seine Dauer (1-2 Monate je nach Kalender) und der Präsenz der „Touloulous“. [27] In addition, the Guiana Space Centre has played a significant role in the local economy since it was established in Kourou in 1964: it accounted directly and indirectly for 16% of French Guiana's GDP in 2002 (down from 26% in 1994, as the French Guianese economy is becoming increasingly diversified). Französisch-Polynesien | L’industria di trasformazione della Guyana francese dipende dagli sbarchi di tali pescherecci. Fewer than 10% survived their sentence.[7]. Martinique had been conquered by the British, who maintained slavery there.[5]. Es gibt schicke Kleider zu kaufen, teure französische Kosmetikmarken, ganze Geschäfte voller Macheten. : 1818年、仏 領ギアナ に渡り、王室のプランテーションの栽培を監督した。: Arianespace utilizza come sito di lancio il Centre spatial guyanais a Kourou nella Guyana francese. The beaches of the natural reserve of the Amana, the joint Awala-Yalimapo in the west, is an exceptional marine turtle nesting site. 57 Moselle | 67 Bas-Rhin | Hmmm.....We now have a Public mailbox! 56 Morbihan | 2A Corse-du-Sud (1976–2017) | With a land area of 83,534 km2 (32,253 sq mi), French Guiana is the second-largest region of France (it is more than one-seventh the size of Metropolitan France) and the largest outermost region within the European Union. French Guiana's highest peak is Bellevue de l'Inini in Maripasoula (851 m, 2,792 ft). The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) has issued a Level 4 Travel Health Notice for Guyana due to COVID-19. 69D Rhône | Bis 2015 bestand als weitere Gliederungsebene die der Kantone, diese wurde zum 1. [45][46], Current administrative regions (since 2016), Former administrative regions (1982–2015), Outlying territories of European countries. The region has the highest nominal GDP per capita in South America. 45 Loiret | Aquitanien | [44], The novel Papillon, by the French convict Henri Charrière, is set in French Guiana. [41], The commander of the French armed forces in French Guiana since July 2009 has been General Jean-Pierre Hestin. 22 Côtes-d’Armor | The city stands on a former island at the mouth of the Cayenne River on the Atlantic coast. The bioacoustics study of bats in Guyana is one of the main activitée association. Picardie | Fuso Orario: UTC -3:00 Religione: cattolica cristiana Pesi e Misure: Sistema metrico decimale Prefisso telefonico: +594 Réunion, Ehemalige Regionen (aufgelöst 2015): 21 Côte-d’Or | Half of its 290,691 inhabitants in 2020 lived in the metropolitan area of Cayenne, its capital. 64 Pyrénées-Atlantiques | Von August bis Dezember herrscht Trockenzeit, in den übrigen Monaten ist Regenzeit. 05 Hautes-Alpes | It was returned to France with the signing of the Treaty of Paris in 1814. Jedoch kann nach Artikel 73 der französischen Verfassung auf lokale Besonderheiten Rücksicht genommen werden. Sie leben meist in Subsistenzwirtschaft von Jagd und Fischfang, andere sind als Goldwäscher oder im Tourismus tätig. [10], Die Universität Französisch-Guyana bietet 31 Studiengänge an 2 Standorten an. An übrigen Wirtschaftszweigen sind lediglich die Krabbenfischerei und der Abbau von Gold erwähnenswert. As of the late 1990s, there was evidence of an uncontacted group of Wayampi. Francesi Guyana es un transmarin département e region de Francia.It es situat in li nord-ost de Sud-America al Atlántic Ocean.Francesi Guyana es parte de Francia e per to membre del Europan Union e del NATO.Li oficial lingue es francesi e li valuta es li Euro.. Francesi-Guyana have 239.648 (2012) e un area de 83.534 quadrat-kilometres. The Hmong people are also largely Catholic owing to the influence of missionaries who helped bring them to French Guiana. Sie sind deutlich ärmer als der Durchschnitt der Bevölkerung Guayanas und in politischen Gremien stark unterrepräsentiert. [citation needed] After de Gaulle was elected as president of France, he established the Guiana Space Centre in 1965. 1968 bauten die Europäer in Kourou das – geografisch günstig, weil äquatornah liegende – Raketenabschussgelände Centre Spatial Guyanais, welches im Laufe der Zeit ständig erweitert wurde. The French Guiana Honor Division is the main football club tournament. Im Vergleich mit dem Bruttoinlandsprodukt der EU ausgedrückt in Kaufkraftstandards erreicht Französisch-Guayana einen Index von 57,6 (EU-25: 100) (2003). [13], 01 Ain | Guyana Francese Karol Scirè 3C GUYANA La Guyana La Guyana Française est une région Française d'outre-mer située sur la cote nord-est de l'Amerique de sud.La majeure partie deson territore est couverte de foret tropicale.Les ruines du foret cèpèrou,darat du XVII siecle dominent la [24] The coastal environment along the N1 has historically experienced the most changes, but development is occurring locally along the N2, and also in western French Guiana due to gold mining. Other groups from Asia include East Indians, Lebanese and Vietnamese. There are two flights a day to Paris (Orly Airport), served by Air France and Air Caraïbes. This is one of the largest worldwide for the leatherback turtle. Estimates of the percentages of French Guiana ethnic composition are difficult to produce due to the presence of a large proportion of immigrants. The Guianese General Council officially adopted a departmental flag in 2010. 89 Yonne | [12] Damit ist Französisch-Guayana die ärmste Region Frankreichs. The addition of the adjective "French" in most languages other than French is rooted in colonial times, when five such colonies (The Guianas) had been named along the coast, subject to differing powers: namely (from west to east) Spanish Guiana (now Guayana Region and Guayana Esequiba in Venezuela), British Guiana (now Guyana), Dutch Guiana (now Suriname), French Guiana, and Portuguese Guiana (now Amapá in Brazil). Strasbourg is the capital of the Alsace region and the Bas-Rhin department. Französische Beamte gehen verstärkt gegen die illegalen Goldsucher vor, indem sie diese ergreifen und nach Brasilien ausweisen. Le Republica Cooperative de Guyana (Co-operative Republic of Guyana) es un pais de America del Sud situate in le plateau del Guyanas. It was first published in France in 1969, describing his escape from a penal colony there. 920 Beamte der Französischen Gendarmerie beim Kommando der Gendarmerie (COMGEND) von Guyana. It is largely responsible for the rapid population growth of French Guiana. 39 Jura | Limousin | The Maroons, descendants of escaped African slaves, live primarily along the Maroni River. 06 Alpes-Maritimes | Please update this article to reflect recent events or newly available information. Zwischen einem Viertel und der Hälfte der Indigenen des Landes halten außerdem an traditionellen Religionen fest; der Zensus gibt dazu 2,2 % der Gesamtbevölkerung an.[8]. It is now operated by the CNES, Arianespace and the European Space Agency (ESA). The Guianese Socialist Party dominated politics in French Guiana until 2010. [9], A border dispute with Brazil arose in the late 19th century over a vast area of jungle, resulting in the short-lived, pro-French, independent state of Counani in the disputed territory. Die Bevölkerung ist ethnisch sehr durchmischt. During World War II and the fall of France to Nazi German forces, Félix Éboué was one of the first to support General Charles de Gaulle of Free France, as early as June 18, 1940. French Guiana is divided into 2 arrondissements and 22 communes: French Guiana's main international airport is Cayenne – Félix Eboué Airport, located in the commune of Matoury, a southern suburb of Cayenne. 24 Dordogne | Es kann nu… Considered the longest in the world, it takes place on afternoon of Sunday, between Epiphany at the beginning of January, and Ash Wednesday in February or March. [8] A Portuguese-British naval squadron took French Guiana for the Portuguese Empire in 1809.